Auschwitz II (Birkenau) was opened in 1942, and was 25 times bigger than Auschwitz I. It was primarily built for execution, but also housed 90,000 slave labourers for nearby farms and factories. Also, as a “Concentration Camp” it collected prisoners to be distributed to factories elsewhere.
It was built as a production line for mass murder, consisting of 6 gas chambers all of which were destroyed before liberation. It is estimated that over 1.1 million people were exterminated here.
Hell’s Gate is now an iconic feature recognised throughout the civilised world, and was last view from outside world for many.
Photographer: Norman Hill